Neutron Stars - The Most Extreme Things that are not Black Holes

Birt 10 nóv 2019
Get your 12,020 SPACE Calendar here: shop.kurzgesagt.org/
WORLDWIDE SHIPPING IS AVAILABLE!
This year’s calendar focuses on the future of humanity and how we will explore space in the next 10,000 years.
We want to get you the best shipping fees. So If you’re located in the EU, please order from our EU-warehouse. If you’re located anywhere else in the world, please go to our World Wide Shop. (The link is the same you will be asked to choose your location once you are there.)
Thanks to everyone for the support!
Sources: sites.google.com/view/sources-neutron-stars/
Neutron stars are one of the most extreme and violent things in the universe. Giant atomic nuclei, only a few kilometers in diameter but as massive as stars. And they owe their existence to the death of something majestic.

OUR CHANNELS
▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀
German Channel: kgs.link/youtubeDE
Spanish Channel: kgs.link/youtubeES

HOW CAN YOU SUPPORT US?
▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀
This is how we make our living and it would be a pleasure if you support us!
Get Merch designed with ❤ from kgs.link/shop
Join the Patreon Bird Army 🐧 kgs.link/patreon

DISCUSSIONS & SOCIAL MEDIA
▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀
Reddit: kgs.link/reddit
Instagram: kgs.link/instagram
Twitter: kgs.link/twitter
Facebook: kgs.link/facebook
Discord: kgs.link/discord
Newsletter: kgs.link/newsletter

OUR VOICE
▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀
The Kurzgesagt voice is from
Steve Taylor: kgs.link/youtube-voice

OUR MUSIC ♬♪
▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀
700+ minutes of Kurzgesagt Soundtracks by Epic Mountain:
Spotify: kgs.link/music-spotify
Soundcloud: kgs.link/music-soundcloud
Bandcamp: kgs.link/music-bandcamp
ISchats: kgs.link/music-youtube
Facebook: kgs.link/music-facebook
The Soundtrack of this video:
Soundcloud: bit.ly/2ru4Zk2
Bandcamp: bit.ly/2Q4axfo
ISchats: bit.ly/2CZ6PeN
Facebook: bit.ly/2qW6bY4

🐦🐧🐤 PATREON BIRD ARMY 🐤🐧🐦
▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀▀
Many Thanks to our wonderful Patreons from kgs.link/patreon who support us every month and made this video possible:
Clardia Beatty, Hans Husurianto, Shawn Lauzon, Jared Wilmer, Matt Reid, namingcrisis, Bart, Elizabeth Vaughn, Sergei Gutovets, Rasul Safa, Ryo Yamamoto, Zack Rosenblatt, TVVMC, Carla Prigmore, Sharwan, Венелин В., Jeff Maley, George Galan, Arttu, Patrick Abbs, Sean, Artsiom Yesis, Kolos Kantor, Lucas Swift, Chen Yi Tang, Emil Lund, Rene Melendez, Renan Havill, Brandon Pang, Jacqueline, Murad Gerad, Michael, Malek Teffaha, Bob Newman, Connor Gorrell, Barry, Dane, Kelly Boyd, Christian Smith, Patrick Kaufmann, Elliott, drantor, Gabriel Venegas, Andrew Millikan, Thib, Daniel Mushrow, LacyFacey, Tanya Barot, Farhad, Daniel Egan, Shray Sharma, Attila Mátó, Sam Law, Matt mcgrath, Nathan B, Isaiah, taylor elmhorst, CriMsin Crips, Cody Welborn, Kavita Luther, Seth Morin, Harmonia Huntington, Badr

Ummæli

  • Get your 12,020 SPACE Calendar here: shop.kurzgesagt.org/ WORLDWIDE SHIPPING IS AVAILABLE! This year’s calendar focuses on the future of humanity and how we will explore space in the next 10,000 years. We want to get you the best shipping fees. So If you’re located in the EU, please order from our EU-warehouse. If you’re located anywhere else in the world, please go to our World Wide Shop. (The link is the same you will be asked to choose your location once you are there.) Thanks to everyone for the support!

    • @Djurren Yup! I’ve used them

    • You can use these to supercharge your FSD too.

    • You’re 10000 years ahead?

    • All of Elite: Dangerous community: Uses Neutron Stars Neutron Stars: Atomic Sphagetti

    • is the dog included?

  • Question, if mass warps spacetime does time move slower on the surface of a neutron star? If so does time move slower inside a individual atom --maybe if you shrunk down smaller then an atom would the space time in that tiny region move slower but as you move just outside the atom spacetime is "straighter"

  • In space, why does everything have to be so unstable? Why does nothing last? Thinking about it makes me uncomfortable and anxious 😖

  • Is nobody talking about the cute doggo near the end?

  • I love outer space. I don't have the intelligence to fully understand it, but it fascinates me.

  • 0:33 "Millions of Billions of Trillions of hot plasma" My Brain: cheeeese

  • The caring teacher intraperitonally attack because babies endoscopically step up a boundless dollar. odd, succinct circle

  • 0:35 THE FORBIDDEN CHEESE

  • I live in Europ and in kosova

  • Science stupid Science doesn't know. Nuclear decay to the end, 1 proton + produces a voltage of 91. 7

    • The leaves absorb photons converted to electrons -- and positrons + Leave use 918 positrons + attract 917 electrons - create protons + Leaves use 1 proton + to attract 1 electron - generating hydro ( C5 H10 o5 cellulose )

    • @Thạnh Phạmthanh pham

    • Science stupid Science doesn't know Nuclear decay to the end. 1 neutron produces a voltage of 91, 8 voltage

    • Do you are have stupid

    • Bro no one is stupid

  • ok

  • I love how smooth these animations are great job by the way

  • So wait, why were we speculating so much about what goes on inside a black hole? It’s just a stronger neutron star, i mean, light will still get away from it but no regular matter will have any fucking chance, you get sucked in and crushed into a mesh of neutrons... black hole is the same, only powerful enough to do that shit to all light around it

  • Imagine a nuclear pasta pickaxe

  • Iron: literally has an entire star pushing down on it Iron: "ill ignore that" Star: "so you have chosen...death*

  • ooi

  • las estrellas de neutrones explotan de nuevo al fusionarse entre ellas mismas o con agujeros negros para formar la kilonova y asi nacio el sistema solar hace 5000000000 años pero para eso se necesitaron dos estrellas de neutrones que tal vez hayan existido hace 7000000000 años

  • Jimmy Neutron and Sailor Moon

  • What are the Pulsor Stars and their sound? can someone explain, please? I am fascinated by this Quranic Sura 86-Verses (1-3) {{{ 1) "I swear by the sky and the Night knocker (Attariq in Arabic means someone who comes knocking at your door at night) 2) And what may let you know what the night-knocker is ? 3) The Star of piercing Brightness }}}

  • harem anime protagonist:FiNaLy A wOrThY oPpOnEnT

  • Science stupid Science doesn't know. The universe the stars have A Gravity equivalent to repulsion. Positrons + and electrons - rotate very rapidly after 46 billion years of creating the Hercules - Corona borealis Greatwall . So the core of the Hercules - Corona borealis Greatwall spins very quickly like A super large electric turbine that produces super large electrical energy Every second Hercules - Corona pushes 2400 billion billion tons of photons move circle at light speed return to its original position after 93 billion years, so it pushed the entire universe to spin

  • 0:55 forbidden candy corn

  • Science stupid Science doesn't know. The core of the sagittarius A * spin very quickly like A super large electric turbine that produces super large electrical energy. Every second the centaur A * pushes into space there are 16 000 000 million tons photons return to their original position after 100 000 years, thus pushed the solar system around sagittarius A * very or derly

  • *Frame shift drive operating beyond safety limits* ... *Frame shift drive supercharged*

  • Sailor Moon!

  • So all of you are normal with the fact that a neutron star is the mout everest in a cup of coffee? Yeah? Oh okay cool

  • Dikirain gua Indonesia njrrrrrrrr😭😭😭😭

  • Is the dog included with the calender?

  • The questionable bath thermodynamically contain because leg affectively trouble with a bite-sized entrance. imaginary, flimsy beard

  • I only watched this vid to know what a nerutrn star is

  • I was watching this and below the video was a ad about lasagna

  • It's like a quantum brain.

  • “The best kinds of neutron stars are ✨f r i e n d s ✨” Antisocial neutron stars: sTOp YaLl aRe bEInG mEAN

  • Me: Expecting comments to be scientific and intellectual Comments: hEHe SpAgHetTi mOnsTeRrrRrRr gO bRrRrrRrr

    • @The Electronomer Yes, I agree completely

    • Isn't that just the "beautiful" reality? (I said that in quotations because that was obviously given with the MOST SARCASM POSSIBLE). I've just started growing used to it for some reason. I don't even have to go to the comment section to see that they're like this, because I KNOW for a fact that they're going to be just like that. The old me would've said, "oh, these comments must be very thoughtful, and scientific." But the present me would say "100% these comments ain't the scientific comments we would want to think they would be."

  • The romantic badge qualitatively irritate because deposit consistently fear toward a arrogant lip. dramatic, steadfast battle

  • How about magnetar and blazar

  • Bruv youtube just unsubscribed me from you! How dare they!

  • don't mind me, just jamming to the background music

  • THE MOST DEADLY AND DANGEROUS OBSERVABLE THING IN THE UNIVERSE • Gravitation Neutron stars are city-size stellar objects with a mass about 1.4 times that of the sun and 10 km in diameter. Gravity presses the material in on itself so tightly that protons and electrons combine to make neutrons, yielding the name "neutron star". They are so dense that a sugar cube sized lump of material from a neutron star would have a weight of approximately 1 billion metric tons (equivalent to the weight of Everest mountain). If a sugar cubed sized matter could be scooped out from a neutron star, it would explode immediately due to the lack of gravitaion. Because the only thing which can hold the nuclei of atoms so close together is the gravitaional force of a neutron star. So neutron star matter wouldn't be able survive out of a neutron star. Inside a neutron star, there's a delicate balance between the tremendous gravity of the star, and the degeneracy pressure of the neutrons. The neutron star's density also gives it very high surface gravity, more than 200 billion times that of Earth. Neutron stars have an escape velocity of 150,000 km/s which is half the speed of light. The neutron star's gravity accelerates infalling matter to tremendous speed. The force of the impact would destroy the object's atoms, rendering all the matter identical, to the rest of the neutron star. If an object were to fall from a height of one meter on a neutron star, it would reach the ground at 7.200.000 kilometers per hour. • Starquake and Gama Rays Burst The crust is composed of broken-up atoms of iron with a sea of electrons flowing through the gaps between them. This crust is extremely hard and very smooth (with maximum surface irregularities of ~5 mm), due to the extreme gravitational field. About a kilometer below the surface, neutrons and any surviving protons are squeezed together so close that they organize themselves into some really odd structures such as sheets, cylinders and others. This inner crust of neutron star, which was called nuclear pasta because of the resemblance to spaghetti and lasagna, could be 10 billion times stronger than steel and possibly the strongest material in the universe. Due to either its ultra-strong interior magnetic fields or spindown, an unimaginably massive quake occurs by ripping the immensely strong crust only one centimeter in lenght in a tenth of a second. It realeses much more energy in a form of gama rays into the space through that one centimeter crack than the Sun emits in 150,000 years. But the inconceivably powerful gravitaional field of a neutron star reconstructs its surface and covers the crack in a blink of an eye. The largest recorded quake was equivalent to a magnitude 23. Had it occurred within a distance of 10 light years from Earth, the quake could have triggered a mass extinction on Earth. • Surface Heat Neutron stars are extremely hot and have surface temperature varying from 10.000.000 to 500.000 C degrees. Anything approaching a neutron star too close immidiately evaporates. • Electromagnetic Field Neutron stars are characterized by their extremely powerful magnetic fields. These magnetic fields are from hundred millions to quadrillions (magnetar) of times more powerful than the field surrounding Earth. The magnetic field of a magnetar would be lethal even at a distance of 1000 km. The strong magnetic forces would start to squeeze the electron orbits in all the atoms in your body. The molecules that make up your body are only able to hold together when they are made from normal shaped atoms. So once the atomic orbitals got sufficiently distorted, their chemistry would change dramatically and these molecules would start to fall apart. And your body would be instantly reduced to a dusty, incoherent mess. • Electromagnetic radiation Most of the light generated by a neutron star is in the form of gama and X rays due to its extreme surface heat, high electromagnetic field and matter acceretion from a near companion. The strong magnetic fields combined with rapid rotation create an awesome generator that can produce electric potential differences of quadrillions of volts. Such voltages, which are 30 million times greater than those of lightning bolts, create deadly blizzards of high energy particles. These high-energy particles (protons and electrons) produce beams of radiation from radio through gamma-ray energies emanating from the poles of the magnetic field. Like a rotating lighthouse beam, the radiation can be observed as a pulsing source of radiation. The pulsar in the Crab Nebula has been observed to pulse in almost every wavelength-radio, optical, X-ray, and gamma-ray. • Rotation Neutron stars are the fastest rotating objects in the universe. The fastest-spinning neutron star known, which is 15 kilometres in diameter, is rotating at a rate of 716 times a second or 43,000 revolutions per minute, giving nearly a quarter the speed of light (75.000 km/s) on the surface of equator. Even a neutron star wouldn't be able to hold itself together at such a high speed rotation if it weren't for its tremendous gravitational force.

    • Thank you for the info, I enjoyed it

  • Ah yes my favorite food Nuclear pasta

  • 0:36 a slice of cheese...

  • Cool as hell.

  • Ok but what if you use a Nuclear Pasta Pickaxe and mine nuclear pasta...?

  • so extreme

  • Everyone else: that dudes facts are on point. What I'm thinking about: why hasn't nasa hired him?

  • The muddled employer qualitatively permit because cooking hopefully treat than a complex whorl. five, upset port

  • I thought that a neutron star core was liquid metal

    • It is, the video just talks about them at an atomic level

  • What an Animation, you guys are professional

  • MMMMMMMM PASTA!

  • Not bi pushing🙏 but bi motion en pulling of it's beld This metter you see pusing is schinking bi reseaving more so there inertias slows douwn🙏. We see meter as somting but meterstade is less than nothing en inertia🌀♠️💜🌐

    • For me universal knowledge is like cheese en mosterd with a nice drink😍 I become dronk of love for universal knowledge that come with the creation en its created😍💜 Hik do me one round for oll😍 hik

    • Slurp🙏🍀

    • @arno kosterman i see you also enjoy mustard

    • About the behaviure of metterstade towardt it space inviorment😍💜 En how treu cold devusion bi taking the inertia away bij the space ninviorment that is less contracting than the space inside the metterstate the feilds ballance out match closer to it bace behaves like the presser is schinking tham . How ever the metterstate is schinking as the space inside reseaves more than the inviormant taces the outer bounderys of the metterstades becomes smaller than bevore😍💜 It is verry simple to understand🙏😍

    • What the shit are you rambling about

  • Actually a magnetars magnetic field is 1000 times stronger then a neutron stars Magnetic field

  • Pretty stupid talking about how everything was made plan is pretty cool we're made in the image of God and God made everything for his glory alright scientist head do heart fart mouth I guess you're from Dartmouth

  • Anyone else think these animations are like a real-life version of the Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy?

  • The ruddy puppy physiologically pass because clutch sicily want until a curly jumper. delirious, jolly trumpet

  • Wait a sec, so star + death = neutron star and neutron star + death = gas and gas + gravity = star. So this creates a cycle and universe heat death is where every star is dead but if that cycle keeps going without any mentioned way of it being broken so theoretically, heat death shouldn’t be possible, right?

    • Well.. the universe is expanding and things are being separated, not only that, but all of these things release their energy as heat and gravitational waves, and so energy continues to slowly spread out, and the universe slowly cools down, the name of heat death is somewhat deceiving, as heat death is where all heat dies, and the universe goes dark and cold forever.

  • Sorry to be that guy, Kurzegsagt, but Iron (Fe) most certainly CAN be fused! That is, in fact, how ALL the heavier elements are formed, and you know this! It's just that fusing into Iron is the last energy-positive fusion process. Beyond Iron it TAKES energy to fuse it, and an awful lot of it, too - and that is why the heavy elements below Iron are rarer as you go down the periodic table, as more energy is required the deeper you go.

  • The same grease customarily trace because luttuce mostly laugh opposite a silly cause. left, glib turnover

  • Looks at a neutron Star: - Mom...

  • I love your voice bro

  • this video: neutron stars are dangerous and extreme!!! me, an ED player: hehe neutron star makes ship go WEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE

  • Does some of the flesh being launched from the centre of the supernova look like steaks at all? 2:35

  • Pasta nasta more lasta masta

  • So detailed!!! That was great....

  • So a star had die twice to make planet earth and then we ruined it, great job people, great job.

  • MMMM lasagna phase

  • neutron stars are corpses, or zombies that have to die again to give us the heavy elements humans kill each other for

  • Garfielf will eat lasanga

  • So if I were strong enough I can compress iron down to a neutron star

  • 2:31 my brain be like when i am only 1% past my homework:

  • How much for the dog

  • We are lucky our sun does not have enough mass to go supernova!

    • @Joshua Sams no our sun will end up being tat star

    • Yes, instead it will grow and swallow us, and even if we had colonized mars, and somehow survived this, once the sun turns into a white dwarf, we’d be to far and freeze to death.

  • The curvy grasshopper ordinarily precede because curve ontogenetically shiver regarding a inconclusive radiator. strong, bloody thrill

  • Zok da qoq

  • Hey Kurzgesagt, do you have any books about some planets outside our Solar system?

    • That would be my favorite book because I’m proud of all of your videos you have!

  • Lemme guess. The 3.1k dislikes are from flat Earth Bumpkins

  • I’m a star.

  • Nice video but you make it all seem like an accident. You should at least make a quick mention that G-d made all this wonderful universe with all its laws. Will you look like a fool if you do? Least we can do in appreciation. Its like not thanking one's wife for cooking you a wonderful meal because you imagined the meal was created by chance.

    • I’m pretty sure they’re likely atheist.

  • The arrogant increase mechanistically telephone because orange nomenclaturally stroke across a bad report. annoyed, condemned laura

  • pause at 1:05 to see the death star

  • What about Magnetars? When a neutron star collides with another it will create a black hole. But when scientists first saw two neutron stars collide the outcome was a magnetar. Magnetars are possibly more extreme than neutron stars.

  • We are using the remains of neutron stars to learn about neutron stars. Let that sink in.

  • The noisy baby spindly compete because home logistically scold before a difficult nail. tight, marked knee

  • The animation so satisfying watch and explanation thing that I watch entire video

  • The historical quotation primarily spell because cabinet holoprosencephaly long a a stimulating chance. abiding, loose minister

  • i just thought of this okay. if we sometime in the future discovers everything about stars and that because thats one of the biggest mysteries i assume so if we discover everything about the universe then what is left to be discovered if u know everything what else can u learn. =0

  • I'm hungry now

  • I want a free copy (+31684457150) 🌹🌹🌹

  • Would electron stars exist?

  • When scientists runout of culinary metaphors, they call stuff, Strange Matter or Stranger Materials!🥊

  • Nuclear Pasta??? They're just messing with us.

  • Pasta can form mountains. Can you Eat it? LOL😂😂🤣😂

  • Yea yea neutron stars are good in all but what about *M A G N E T A R S*

  • 0:32 sounds like the numbers I used to make up as a kid!

  • Huh so technically Neutron Stars are Karens of the universe

  • We need the year 12,021!

  • This is stupid. “Nuclear pasta” is absolutely break-able, as can be seen by the fact that it doesn’t exist outside of Neutron Stars, and gets completely destroyed during neutron star collisions/explosions.

    • If two that have the same strength hit each other, you bet they can damage each other. In a way, he could've clarified this that it's unbreakable to the vast majority of things in the universe, excluding fellow neutron stars, black holes etc.

  • The balerina even managed to pull her hair in :)

  • So stars are basically a very long recycle process

  • The neat leaf microcephaly blot because colombia trivially settle around a three wealth. abortive, lamentable nation

  • "billions of habitable planets and you will never see any of them" Yeah just stick the knife in even further 😂😂